BLACK  FUNGUS | Symptoms and Sign | Diagnosis and treatment

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Black-fungus

Index 

  • Introduction – BLACK  FUNGUS
  • Symptoms and Sign
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • COMPLICATIONS
  • PREVENTION

Introduction:-

Covid-19 associated MUCORMYCOSIS commonly referred to as Black fungus. A rare but serious fungal infection, known as mucormycosis and colloquially as BLACK FUNGUS, is being detected relatively frequently among Covid patients in some states. This disease often manifests in the skin and also affects the brain.

It is a serious infection caused by a group of molds known as mucormycetes present naturally in the environment. It mainly affects people who are on medication for health problems that reduce their ability to fight environmental pathogens. Sinuses or lungs of such individual gets affected after they inhale fungal spores from the air.

Symptoms and Sign:-

Warning signs include pain and redness around the eyes or nose, fever, headache, shortness of breath, coughing, bloody vomits, and altered mental status. Also, infection with micromycetes should be suspected when there is:-

Sinusitis—Nasal blockage or congestion nasal discharge. Local pain on the cheekbone, one-sided facial pain, numbness, or swelling. Blackish discoloration over the bridge of the nose.Loosening of teeth, jaw involvement. Blurred or double vision with pain. Thrombosis, skin lesion, chest pain, pleural effusion, worsening of respiratory symptoms.

Black-fungus

 

Diagnosis and treatment:-

If anyone suspects Mucormycosis, the doctor will give a physical examination and ask about medical history. If r looks like you have a lung or sinus infection, your doctor may take a sample of the fluid from your nose or throat and send it to be tested in a lab. They might also do a tissue biopsy, taking out a small piece of infected tissue for testing.

Your consultant doctor may do imaging tests like CT or MRI scans to find out whether the infection has spread to your brain or other organs.

One may might take:- AMPHOTERICIN b , ISAVUCONAZOLE, POSACONAZOLE

One can get these medications through an Intravenous or IV or as pills that you swallow. Your doctor may start with the high doses through an IV until the infection is under control, which can take several weeks.

Then switch to pills. Also, if a medication has troublesome side effects like stomach pain, heartburn, or trouble breathing. They may be able to change your treatment plan. In severe cases, surgery to remove infected or dead tissue to keep the fungus from spreading is also recommended. This might include removing parts of the nose or eyes.

COMPLICATIONS:-

Complications of Muceromycosis include:- Blindness, Blood clots or blocked vessels, and Nerve Damage.

Mucormycosis can be deadly without treatment because the infection is rare, but the exact, not mortality rate is unclear. But researchers estimate that overall  55% of people with mucormycosis die.

PREVENTION:-

There is no way to avoid breathing in spores. But you can do a few things to lower your chances of mucormycosis. It is especially important if you have a health condition that raises your risk.

Stay away from areas with a lot of dust or soil, like the construction of excavation sites. If you have to be in these areas, wear a face mask like an N95.

If anyone has a weakened immune system, avoid activities that involve dust and soil, like gardening or yard work. If you cannot protect your skin with shoes, gloves long pants, and long sleeves. Wash cuts or scrapes with soap and water as soon as you can.

By MUKESH SHARMA

 

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