What is Yoga?
As we all know that human life consists of mainly four stages that are “ Birth – (growth)- youth- old age- death- and (life hereafter).
The yogi sees life as a triangle and in that triangle, it shows the above four stages under which human physical body undergoes.
The growth period reaches its high point at the age of about 18 years to 20 years.
At the first stage i.e. “birth”, the rate of growing cells exceeds the rate of dead cells, then at the age of around 35 years old the body maintains the equilibrium level between growth and ageing.
After 35+ years Our body’s cell starts dying which results in the reaching stage of old age with illness and other weakness.
But yogis believed that our body is not born to bear pain or any suffering like disease or death.
There is greater purpose to life. But to reach its greater purpose of life requires two main elements that is Intellect (the power of mind to think and to learn and Strong will.”
These two things are the key to success for a healthy body and mind.
To achieve this key success yogis developed an integral system known as yoga.
WHAT ARE THE FIVE POINTS TO YOGA?
The yoga programme consists of five main principles. They are as follows:
- 1.Proper Exercise – Asanas
- 2.Proper Breathing – Pranayama
- 3.Proper Relaxation – Savasana
- 4.Proper Diet – vegetarian diet
- 5.Positive thinking and contemplation – Vedanta and dhyana
Proper Exercise (Asanas)
There are various physical workouts designed in today’s modern era to develop muscles through mechanical movements and exercise.
The proper exercise here refers to the asanas which are designed not only to provide physical development but they also helps in broaden the mental stability and spiritual capacity.
The main difference between yoga and physical exercise is that physical exercise focus on the violent movement of the muscles as they produce large quantities of lactic acid in the muscle fibres whereas yoga exercises oppose violent movement.
Asanas – Yoga is a physical exercise, a term which means uniform pose. It is an excellent practice and helps in increasing the level of flexibility in the body.
Yoga asanas also help in the weight loss and strengthening of muscles.
Proper Breathing (Pranayama)
Proper breathing means Pranayama. Breathing plays a very vital role in our life because if we don’t breathe we won’t be able to survive.
Proper breathing helps in strong immunity which leads to healthy life and helps in fighting any kind of disease effectively and efficiently. Pranayama is made of two words “ Prana” and “Yama”, here Prana means “ breath or vital energy and Nama means “ control”.
Pranayama like kapalabhati, anuloma viloma and full yogic breathing. Practising daily pranayama can also help you fighting the severe pandemic going on in the world by strengthening the immune system.
Proper Relaxation (Savasana)
When our body and body works continuously without any break then it started to lose it’s their natural efficiency. today’s modern life and increasing competition for better survival in the world has forced humans to work like a machine.
The people have forgotten the actual meaning of relaxation. Sleeping less than 8 hours in a day no relaxation throughout the day has led them to deal with lots of different health problems like sleeping disorder, depression, body pain etc.
Our yoga tradition provides a technique known as savasana (initial relaxation) which explains how to do proper mental and physical relaxation just giving 20 minutes from their busy schedule.
Initial relaxation helps in regaining the positive and natural efficiency of our mind and body which helps in working hard more effectively and efficiently. Yogis pays great attention to this yoga technique to attain the main two elements of intellect
and strong will.
Proper Diet…… Vegetarian Food
The yogi diet consists of Lacto-vegetarian diet which includes pure, simple, natural foods which are easily digested and promote health.
Simple meals aids to the digestion and assimilation of food and includes all the 5 requirements of balanced diet i.e. Carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, vitamins and fats.
It is believed that having a proper diet helps to reduce mental trauma and physical ailments. And increases your concentration level and keep you active in your daily life ie. Free from laziness.
Eating foods which do not consist of any kind of pesticides and chemicals will help ensure a better supply of nutritional needs.
Positive thinking Contemplation (Vedanta and Dhyana)
There is one saying; when the surface of a lake is still, one can see to the bottom very clearly. But it is impossible when the surface is disturbed by waves in the same way when the mind is still, with no thoughts or desires, you can see yourself clearly. This is called “yoga”.
We can control our mental disturbance by concentration internally or externally. While concentrating internally we focus on our inner self or the consciousness of “I am”. But when we concentrate externally we focus on any specific object as our focal point.
We can concentrate externally by practising candle gazing. In this process, you have light a candle and place 10 feet away from yourself and while sitting in a comfortable position trying focusing on the flame of the candle without distracting yourself for some.
Slowly this will help you increase your concentration power and will give you a clear mind with positive thinking.
By kirti Singhania